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Biosphere polygons

Biosphere grounds or polygons have been around since 2004. Their network is being created as part of a national monitoring system concerned with the state of complex and special biological diversity, and as part of Europe‘s ecological network Natura 2000. Biosphere reserves will facilitate the monitoring, control and prediction of changes in natural systems and the condition of certain species. Almost all have been established for the protection of bird species of greatest Community interest in implementing the requirements of the European Union Birds Directive.

Biosphere Grounds
Basically all biosphere grounds in Lithuania have been established for the protection of bird species. Below is a list of biosphere grounds, the reasons for their establishment, and the bird species they protect.

  • Adutiškis – Guntauninkai forests: to protect the Adutiškis – Guntauninkai forests ecosystem and in particular, populations of the Honey Buzzard, Ural Owl, Black Grouse and the Three-toed Woodpecker.
  • Apšė: to protect the Apšė River valley ecosystem and its Corn Crake populations.
  • Babtai – Varluva forests: to protect the Babtai-Varluva forests ecosystem, and in particular their Middle Spotted and White-backed Woodpecker populations.
  • Balbieriškis forest: to protect the Balbieriškis forest ecosystem and its resident Middle Spotted Woodpecker populations.
  • Baltoji Vokė: to protect the Baltoji Vokė wetland ecosystem and especially its Bluethroat populations.
  • Birvėta: to protect the Birvėta fishing dams and the Dysna and Birvėta River valley wetland ecosystems in an effort to conserve Whooper Swan, Spotted Crake, Corn Crake, Ruff and Little Gull populations as well as White-fronted goose numbers during seasonal migration periods.
  • Biržai forest: to protect the Biržai forest ecosystem that supports Black Stork, Hazel Grouse, Common Crane, Ural Owl, Eurasian Pygmy Owl and Grey-headed Woodpecker populations.
  • Blinstrubiškis forest: to protect the Blinstrubiškis forest ecosystem, especially the resident White-tailed Sea Eagle populations.
  • Būda – Pravieniškiai forest: to protect the Būda-Pravieniškiai forest ecosystem and especially the Honey Buzzard, Hazel Grouse, Common Crane, Eurasian Pygmy Owl, Black Woodpecker, Middle Spotted Woodpecker and Three-toed Woodpecker populations.
  • Dotnuva – Josvainiai forest: to protect the Dotnuva – Josvainiai forest ecosystem, especially its Black Stork and Middle Spotted Woodpecker populations. 
  • Gedžiūnai forest: to protect the Gedžiūniai forest ecosystem, especially its population of Lesser Spotted Eagles.
  • Gelednė forest: to protect theGelednė forest ecosystem, and especially its Capercaillie populations.
  • Gubernija forest: to protect the Gubernija forest ecosystem, especially its Lesser Spotted Eagle populations.
  • Labūnava forest: to protect the Labūnava forest ecosystem, especially its Lesser Spotted Eagle populations.
  • Lančiūnava forest: to protect the Lančiūnava forest ecosystem, especially the Lesser Spotted Eagle, and Grey-headed, Middle Spotted and White-backed Woodpecker populations.
  • Padauguva forest: to protect the Padauguva forest ecosystem, especially the Three-toed and White-backed Woodpecker populations. 
  • Pertaka forest: to protect the Pertaka forest complex ecosystem that is supporting a Capercaillie population.
  • Plinkšiai forest: to protect the ecosystem of the Plinkšiai forest and its surrounds, especially the Honey Buzzard and Grey-headed Woodpecker populations.
  • Rūdininkai forest: to protect the Rūdininkai forest ecosystem, and especially its Honey Buzzard, Black Grouse, Capercaillie, Tengmalm‘s Owl, European Nightjar, Three-toed Woodpecker and Tawny Pipit populations.
  • Svyla: to protect the Svyla River valley wetland ecosystem, especially its Corn Crake and Great Snipe populations.
  • Šimoniai forest: to protect the ecosystem of the Šimoniai forest containing valuable forest, meadow, mire and other habitats supporting Black Stork, Lesser Spotted Eagle, European Nightjar, European Roller, Black Woodpecker and Woodlark populations.
  • Taujėnai – Užulėnis forest: to protect the Taujėnai – Užulėnis forests ecosystem, especially its Black Stork, Lesser Spotted Eagle, Common Crane, and Grey-headed, Middle Spotted and White-backed Woodpecker populations. 
  • Vainutas forest: to protect the Vainutas forest complex ecosystem, especially the Black Stork and Honey Buzzard populations.
  • Vasaknai: to encourage the systematic care of the Vasaknai fishing dams so that the conservation of Common Tern and Little Gull nesting populations is ensured.
  • Visbarai: to encourage the systematic care of the Visbarai fishing dams so that the conservation of Whooper Swan and Little Tern populations is ensured.
  • Žalioji forest: to protect the Žalioji forest ecosystem, especially its Black Stork, Honey Buzzard and Eurasian Pygmy Owl populations.
Last updated: 05-11-2019